Level 2: Jurisprudence 4: Pilgrimage, Religious Warfare and Enjoining Good

Time limit: 365 days
10 credits

£400 Enroll

Full course description

As a registered charity, we charge course fees to cover our running costs. However, we aim to make our education accessible to as many people as possible and are therefore able to offer a 65% fee waiver. To make use of this fee waiver, please use the code AMI65 when purchasing your courses.

Students in need of further financial assistance should contact the education team at to enquire about the possibility of further fee waivers. 


This course will provide students with extensive knowledge of the juristic process of deriving the rulings on pilgrimage (ḥajj), jihad, and enjoining good and forbidding evil (al-amr bi-l-maʿrūf wa-l-nahī ʿan al-munkar). It will familiarise the students with the language and terminology employed by jurists in the process of the derivation of laws (fiqh istidlālī) related to these three topics. Accordingly, the students will engage in a detailed study of the laws, the juristic method of extrapolating them from the sources of Muslim law, and the critical analysis of the juristic procedure and its ensuing rulings.


Lesson Breakdown

Lesson 1      Introduction

The book of pilgrimage: pilgrimage and its laws (Kitāb al-ḥajj: al-ḥajj wa aḥkām wujūbihi)

Lesson 2      The book of pilgrimage: pilgrimage and its laws (Kitāb al-ḥajj: al-ḥajj wa aḥkām wujūbihi) (continued)

Lesson 3      Summary form of pilgrimage rituals (al-ṣūrat al-ijmāliyya li-l-ḥajj)

Discussion and alternative reading on the principle of no harm and no loss (qāʿidat lā ḍarar wa lā ḍirār)

Lesson 4      Rituals of pilgrimage (manāsik al-ḥajj)

Places of wearing iḥrām (mawāqīt al-iḥrām)

Lesson 5      Details of the actions of ʿumra and ḥajj (tafāṣīl afʿāl al-ʿumra wa al-ḥajj)

                    Instructions regarding the iḥrām (kayfiyyat al-iḥrām)

Lesson 6      Circumambulation of the kaʿba (ṭawāf al-kaʿba)

Lesson 7      Circumambulation of the kaʿba (ṭawāf al-kaʿba) (continued)

Lesson 8      Circumambulation of the kaʿba (ṭawāf al-kaʿba) (continued)

Lesson 9      Forbidden actions while in iḥrām (muḥarramāt al-iḥrām)

Lesson 10    Qurʾānic verses related to jihād

Lesson 11    The book on jihād: the obligation of jihād (Kitāb al-jihād: wujūb al-jihād)

Lesson 12    Rulings of jihād (aḥkām al-jihād)

Lesson 13    Non-essential rulings on jihād (aḥkām bi-l-ʿaraḍī)

Lesson 14    The book of enjoining the good and forbidding the evil (Kitab al-ʿamr bi-l-maʿrūf wa nahī ʿan al-munkar)

Lesson 15    The book of enjoining the good and forbidding the evil (Kitab al-ʿamr bi-l-maʿrūf wa nahī ʿan al-munkar) (continued)



Please note that level two courses are only available to those who have completed all courses in level one. This is because the topics covered in level two require the historical and conceptual foundations which are built in level one.


Hours of Study

20 hours


Assessment Methods

Oral Exam (100%)


Course Instructors

Dr Ali-Reza Bhojani (Lecturer)

After completing an undergraduate degree and professional qualifications in Optometry, Dr Ali-Reza Bhojani began studying at the Al-Mahdi Institute, graduating from its Hawza programme in 2008. He then moved to Durham University for 1+3 ESRC funded doctoral programme with the Centre for the Advanced Study of the Arab World (CASAW). He was awarded a distinction for an MA in Research Methods (International Relations and Politics) and graduated from the doctoral programme at the Institute for Middle Eastern and Islamic Studies in 2014. His thesis was published as Moral Rationalism and Sharī‛a (Routledge, 2015). He has since held academic posts at the Al-Mahdi Institute, the Markfield Institute of Higher Education, the University of Nottingham and the University of Oxford, and is currently a Teaching Fellow in Islamic Ethics and Theology at the University of Birmingham.


Dr Sayyed Jaafar Fadlallah (Tutor)

Dr Sayyid Jaafar Fadlallah undertook his seminary education at the Islamic Sharīʿa Institute in Beirut between 1993 and 2010, completing his advanced studies (dars al-khārij) under Ayatollah Mohammad Hussein Fadlallah. Alongside his seminary studies, he also obtained undergraduate and postgraduate degrees in sociology from the Lebanese University in Beirut, culminating in a PhD for a thesis on the image of the other in Muslim jurisprudence. At the Al-Mahdi Institute, Dr Sayyid Fadlallah is a Lecturer in Islamic Jurisprudence where he teaches a wide range of courses on different topics in Muslim legal thought. In Lebanon, he is also an Instructor of Sociology at the Lebanese University, a Lecturer in Islamic Jurisprudence at the Islamic Sharīʿa Institute, and the General Supervisor of Religious Affairs at the al-Mabarrat Association, amongst other roles. He has several publications to his name and has presented his research at academic conferences in Lebanon, the UK, Iraq, Turkey and elsewhere.